Typical Legionary Equipment

Regular soldiers were outfitted with:
  • scarf (focale)
  • arming shirt (subarmalis)
  • tunic (tunica)
  • belt (the balteus consisted of separate belts for the pugio and gladius with a leather apron that hung down in front.
    The alternative was a single aproned belt for the pugio and a baldric for the gladius.)
  • leather trousers (bracae): These were typically worn by standard bearers.
  • sandals (caligae)
  • cloak (sagum which was a heavy cold weather cloak or a paenula)

Armour  included:

Weapons consisted of:
  • a sword (gladius)
  • dagger (pugio)
  • two javelins (pila)
  • shield (scutum) For instructions from Legio XXX on how to build a replica scutum click here.

Other gear included:
  • Dolabra: A combination axe/pick employed for digging trenches, chopping wood, etc.
  • Canteen
  • Latrine Sponge: The precursor of toilet paper.
  • Sudis (also known as a vallus): A palisade stake employed to secure the perimeter of marching camps (typically
    two per soldier).
  • Furca: a pole for carrying equipment while on the march.
  • Rope or leather: For handling turfs used to build a vallum.
  • Saw
  • Turf Cutter/Sickle: To cut turfs for vallum construction.
  • Wicker Basket: Used for shifting earth during fossa excavation .
  • Cooking utensils
  • Loculus (carrying bag) For  recommendations from Legio XXX on how to build a replica loculus, click here.
Army  - Equipment
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