Typical Legionary Equipment

Regular soldiers were outfitted with:
  • underwear (subligar)
  • tunic (tunica)
  • cummerbund (fascia ventralis): It was worn over the tunic but beneath the waist belt.
  • belt (balteus): It consisted of separate belts for the pugio and gladius with a leather apron that hung down in front. The alternative
    was a single aproned belt for the pugio and a baldric for the gladius.
  • arming shirt (subarmalis)
  • scarf (focale) To protect against chaffing from armour.
  • leather trousers (bracae): They were typically worn by standard bearers.
  • hobnailed sandals (caligae)
  • cloak (sagum, which was a heavy cold weather cloak, or a paenula)

Armour  included:

Weapons consisted of:
  • a sword (gladius)
  • dagger (pugio)
  • two javelins (pila)
  • shield (scutum) For instructions from Legio XXX on how to build a replica scutum click here.

Other gear included:
  • Dolabra: A combination axe/pick employed for digging trenches, chopping wood, etc.
  • Canteen
  • Latrine Sponge: The precursor of toilet paper.
  • Sudis (also known as a vallus): A palisade stake employed to secure the perimeter of marching camps (typically two per soldier).
  • Furca: A pole for carrying equipment while on the march.
  • Rope or leather: For handling turfs used to build a vallum.
  • Saw
  • Turf Cutter/Sickle: To cut turfs for vallum construction.
  • Wicker Basket: Used for shifting earth during fossa excavation .
  • Cooking utensils
  • Loculus (carrying bag) For  recommendations from Legio XXX on how to build a replica loculus, click here.
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